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Zinc Electrode system: Working E DAM Counter E Pt Reference E Ag/AgCl/KCl NH 4 Cl (0,05M)

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Presentasjon om: "Zinc Electrode system: Working E DAM Counter E Pt Reference E Ag/AgCl/KCl NH 4 Cl (0,05M)"— Utskrift av presentasjonen:

1 Zinc Electrode system: Working E DAM Counter E Pt Reference E Ag/AgCl/KCl NH 4 Cl (0,05M)

2 Thallium Electrode system: Working E DAM Counter E Pt Reference E Ag/AgCl/KCl NH 4 Ac

3 Lead Electrode system: Working E DAM Counter E Pt Reference E Ag/AgCl/KCl HCl (0,01M)

4 Mercury Electrode system: Working E Au-Bi Counter E GC Reference E Ag/AgCl/KCl 10mM HNO mM HCl

5 Solid line; real sample, dashed line; after addition of 100  g/l Zn, 50  g/l Pb and 500  g/l Cu. DPASV, dep. time 120 s at mV, scan rate 15 mV/s, mod. pulse 50 mV. Supporting electrolyte; NH 4 Cl Tap water

6 AdCSV in seawater. HEPES buffer (pH=7.3), oxine (0.02mM), and DMG (0.3mM) added directly to sample. Dep. 120 s at -800 mV, scan rate 15 mV/s, mod. pulse -50 mV.

7 Pilot projects in Norway: Løkken HVS TBS

8 Heavy Metals and Aquaculture For oppdrettsanlegg en det vesentlig at innholdet av tungmetaller er under kontroll. Dette gjelder først og fremst kobber. Landbaserte anlegg, og særlig ved gjenbruk av vann er kontinuerlig overvåking viktig. Selv ved kortvarige nivåer kan gi stor skade, det er derfor viktig med en rask tilbakemelding. Vi har nylig gjennomført et pilotprosjekt på anlegget ved Nofima AS på Sunndalsøra. Resultatene viser at metoden med fordel kan brukes til formålet:

9 Long term measurements of copper

10 From Raubekken

11 Continuous analyses of zinc, iron, and copper for a time period of four months (middle of January to middle of May, 2004), in polluted river water (Raubekken) at Løkken Verk, Norway. The point in red are results from ICP- MS analyses.

12 Heimdal incineration plant outside Trondheim Continuous remote monitoring of zinc, cadmium and lead. Scrubbing wastewater added NH 4 Cl (to 0.05M). DPASV, 120 s dep. time at -1300mV, scan rate 15 mV s -1, mod. pulse 50 mV.

13 Continuous monitoring of mercury in purified scrubbing water at Heimdal incineration plant Trondheim, Norway.

14 An interesting new project: Forecasting of earth quakes Some indications show that there is an increase of the level of heavy metals in the groundwater prior to an outbreak of an earth quake. Automatic monitoring of heavy metals can then be used for such forecasting. A collaboration with geologists at University of Stockholm in Sweden is established to work out these new possibilities.

15 Buoy Stacja naziemna Stacja naziemna Stacja naziemna P.U.W. HKW Sp. z o.o m 3 (2004 rok) P.U.W. HKW Sp. z o.o m 3 (2004 rok) P.U.W. HKW Sp. z o.o m 3 (2004 rok) V= 42 mln m 3 Mittal Steel Poland S.A. Oddz. w Dąbrowie Górn. Koksownia Przyja źń Sp. z o.o. Saint Gobain Glass Polska Sp. z o.o. P.U.W. HKW Sp. z o.o m 3 (2004 rok) Dziećkowice monitoring station Soła monitoring station Installations in Poland

16 ParameterSołaDziećkowiceBuoy Temperature√√√ Conductivity√√√ Oxygen √√√ pH√√√ Turbidity√√√ Chlorophyll A√√ P A R√ Ammonia√ Nitrogen√√√ Phosphorus√√ Petroleum Products√√ Coli bacteria√√ Heavy Metals * √√ * Zn, Cd, Cu, Pb, Ni, Fe(II) Installations in Poland


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