Presentasjon om: "The Fishing Vessel as Working Place"— Utskrift av presentasjonen:
1 The Fishing Vessel as Working Place Halvard L. AasjordPhD – Senior ScientistSINTEF Fisheries and AquacultureFisheries TechnologyPostnr. N-7465 Trondheim
2 Eurostat`s data-base of fishery statistics In 2005 the EU-27 production of fishery products (capture fisheries and aquaculture production) was about 4 % of the world total.Four member states (Denmark 14 %, France 12 %, Spain 14 % and the United Kingdom 12 %) accounted for 53 % of the EU-27 production in 2005.The EU-27 production in 2005 was 17 % less than 1993.Norway and Iceland together accounted for 3 % of the world total (and the production is not decreasing)!Norway fisheries 1993: 2584´ tons – 2005: 2546´tonsIceland fisheries 1993: 1712´ tons – 2005: 1669´ tons
3 European Fisheries and Aquaculture - selected nations
6 Norwegian all year fleet No of vesselsMean man-yearTotal man-yearsCoastal bottom fleet12882,22834Coastal pelagic fleet1505,5825Deep sea bottom fleet10214,81510Deep sea pelagic fleet1128,3930Total all year fishing fleet16523,76098
7 The Norwegian All Year Fishing Fleet – total 1652 vessels
8 The Norwegian Fishing Fleet – total 7301 vessels
9 Man-Year in The Norwegian Fishing Fleet – total 9365 man-year
11 "Fiskebåten som fremtidig arbeidsplass" Eksemler fra liten kystfiske (10-15 meter), stor kystfiske (21-34 m), bankline (30-50 m), trålfiske ( m) og ringnot ( m)Mannskapfordeling på ulike fartøygrupper, antall mann ombord, arbeidsoppgaver, arbeidsfordeling, avløsningsordninger (større fartøy)Arbeidstid for fiskere ombord på ulike fartøy- og driftsgrupper (tall fra budsjettnemda - Lønnsomhetsundersøkelser - helårsdrevne - år 2006)Ulykker og risikoutvikling for de ulike (hoved) driftsgrupper - 10-årsperiodenNoen fartøyeksempler og endel tabellariske oppstillinger! Noen utviklingstrekk for fiskeri mhp. HMSSINTEF / jeg (og noen andre) har i perioden vært ute på fiske med fartøy fra ulike driftsgrupper og foretatt visse observasjoner på arbeidsforhold og risiko. Vi har så langt ikke direkte forsket på (mangler forskningsmidler) på fatigue (utmattelse) i norsk fiskeri, så derfor ingen spesifikke vitenskapelige data!
12 FV ”HAVSTJERNA” – SF-85-B – LMFV – MÅLØY - NORWAY Havstjerna – LMFVBuilt year 2001 in China for Iceland – Norway 2003Modern fishing vessel – 20,99 meter - 68,9 feetFishing with mechanized long line and gillnetsGround fish: cod, haddock, cusk, catfish, coalfishSkipper: Birger Grotle, 57 year
13 Working hours and conditions FV ”Havstjerna” are using a 1:1 system for all the crewA shift system is essential to get renewed energy for the crew on the next fishing trip.Crew onboard: 6 – 7 fishermen (long line and gillnets)Crew1: 3 weeks onboard and crew2: 3 week free (at home).Effective fishing period: 10 – 11 months per year.May month off (in port) for maintenance of the vessel .Fishing activities: Working: 15 – 16 hours per dayEach fisherman: 3 weeks x 7 days x 15 hours = 315 hoursWorking hours: 7 – 8 trips x 315 h = 2205 – 2520 hours/yearSkipper is more awake than the other crew members.Skipper has to navigate from shore to the fishing groundThere are three navigators on board this vessel (not at same trip)
15 Coastal fishing group 002: 10 – 14,99 m Conventional bottom fisheries:647 vessels in this groupFishing vessels in the length groups: 10 – 14,99 meterAverage of two (2) fishermen on board per vesselWorking hours: 2232 hours per fishermanNo shift registerTotal employment: 1294 fishermen or man-yearsFishing with gillnets, long line, jigging and/or trolling
17 ”Randi-Anita” – 13 meter gillnetter Cod fisheries in the wintertime in North-Norway.Period of: January - February - MarsStaring from port at 04:00 in the morning. Steaming 3 ½ hours for the fishing ground. At the fishing ground 07:30.Fishing nets: 110 – 120 nets, using 4 chains of 40 nets.Hauling the nets and taking out the fish: 5 – 6 hours.Only a small amount (haddock and seithe) are gutted at sea.The main amount of the catch are taken not gutted ashore.This gives work reduction of 20 – 25 % for the fisherman at sea.In bad weather the risk of hurting it self on the knife is much lower.Total working/fishing: 14 – 15 hours per day.The skipper is both navigating and working on the deck.
18 A 12 meter coastal fishing boat grounded north of Bodø – Feb A 12 meter coastal fishing boat grounded north of Bodø – Feb. 27 – Both fishermen were saves
20 The autoliner MS ”Leinebris” at the North Cape Bank in November 2003 DEEP SEA LONGLINERSThe autoliner MS ”Leinebris” at theNorth Cape Bank in November 2003
21 Fishermen on a longliner Fishermen and factory workers:Fishermen: men working – men sleepingWorking system: 8 hours on – 4 h off – 8 h on - 8 h off + more fish = more work = total working hours per dayFishermen: relaxing + eating + sleeping : hoursWorking operations – all the fishermen are rotating:Setting all the lines: hooks = 4 hoursHauling operations (fishermen) – total 20 hours:Hauling (drage): 20 – 30 minutes = total hoursSeparate (splitte): 20 – 30 minutes = total 3- 4 hoursAdjusting (rette): 20 – 30 minutes = total hoursRigging (rigge): 20 – 30 minutes = total hours
25 Deep Sea TrawlingAbout 50 trawlers left in the Norwegian deep sea fleetThis fleet is fishing for codfish and shrimpSome years ago we had about 100 trawlers in this groupThen there were other groups of trawlersTotal deep sea trawler fleet:Year 1998: 4600 man-yearsYear 2005: 2400 man-yearsSame quantity of catch is caught with fewer trawlers and half the number of Norwegian fishermen (man-years).
26 The Norwegian trawler fleet 1998 - 2006 VesselgroupsFartøy-GrupperDriftsgrupper etter Budsjettnemda –FiskeridirektoratetYear1998200220032006Man-Years2005D013, 007eller 008STERN TRAWLERSHekktrålere, torsketrål og evt. reke,rundfrys el. ferskfisk (ising)393455*361051917945D014, 006FACTORY TRAWLERSFabrikkskip m/torsketrålkonsesjon ognoen med reketrålkonsesjon21161314701120758D015, 012OTHER TRAWLERSAndre trålere og småtrålere.Konsumfiske etter sei, torsk m.m.473716*10874688194D020, D021,011BIGGER SHRIMP TRAWLERSRekefrysetrålere, med eller utenGrønlandskonsesjon (ikke torsk)9 + 1576591353282D022SMALLER SHRIMP TRAWLERSAndre havreketrålere.Fartøy over 50 BRT / 80 TE3129?179168D023, 018INDUSTRY/PELAGIC TRAWLERSIndustritrålere (Nordsjøtrålere),nå også kalt pelagiske trålere544128452343237SUMTOTAL SEA GOING TRAWLERSSamlet havgående trålerflåteD022 – andre havreketrålere185+ 31141+ 2913593461735892416
29 Accidents and risk in different fleet groups in Norwegian fisheries – period 1998 - 2007
30 Personal accidents 1990 – 2003Statistics based on FGT ´s material of 1990 – 2002 Accidents among fishermen – analyses of 2104 accidentsLost lives/perished: 3,7 %Invalidity accidents: 15,8 % (15 – 100 %)Milder injured: 80,5 %FGT = Fishermen Mutual Insurance Fund (former company)VesselGroupVessel groups – FGT-registerPersonal accidentsPay Out in mill NOKPaymentCost (NOK)Medium paymentGP 1Small Costal Fishing fleet, Loa<10,67 meter18310,8959.512GP 2Medium Coastal Fishing fleet 10,67<Loa<14,99 meter21615,0769.774GP 3Large Coastal Fishing fleet,15 <Loa< 28 meter71372,30GP 4Deep Sea Fishing Fleet,Loa > 28 meter992100,85SumAll length/fishing groups:2104199,1194.633
31 Safety training of Norwegian fishermen from 1982 to 2007 In the 26-year period of 1982 – 2007:about fishermen and others pupils have taken the basic course,while fishermen and some others have taken the refresher (repetition) course
32 Safety training for Norwegian fishermen – staff in 1992?
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