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SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 1 The Fishing Boat of tomorrow Working conditions on board a deep sea long-liner The long-liner MS ”Leinebris” at the.

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Presentasjon om: "SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 1 The Fishing Boat of tomorrow Working conditions on board a deep sea long-liner The long-liner MS ”Leinebris” at the."— Utskrift av presentasjonen:

1 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 1 The Fishing Boat of tomorrow Working conditions on board a deep sea long-liner The long-liner MS ”Leinebris” at the North Cape Bank in November 2003 Presentation by: Halvard Aasjord

2 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 2 Norwegian deep sea long-liners  Deep sea long-liners: 37 vessels in 2006  Days at sea (mean average): 313 days (in 2006)  Fishing trips: normal 5 – 7 weeks from/to fishing port  Some of the biggest ships also using gillnets for saithe (pollock)  Employment in the group: 951 officers & fishermen  Working hours per Man-Year: 4296 hours  Working hours per fisherman:2133 hours  Total crew on a big long-liner: persons  Officers:Skipper, mate, engineer, cook (4 persons)  Fishing: 7-8 fishermen and 3-4 factory workers (10 – 12 persons)  Shift system: 1:1 for officers and mostly for the fishermen

3 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 3 Skipper on watch for 14 – 16 hours per day (MS “Leinebris” at North Cape Bank – Nov. 2003)

4 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 4 Norwegian deep sea long-liners  Total crew on a big longliner: persons  Officers:Skipper, mate, engineer, cook: (total 4 persons)  Fishing: 7- 8 fishermen and 3- 4 factory workers (10-12 persons)  Skipper: = 14 hours on the bridge in fishing  Mate: h on the bridge h in fish production  Navigation, external communication  Maneuvering and internal communication  Stressing: bad / stormy weather  Heavy seas – vessel movements like stamp, heave and roll gives heavy working conditions both for the officers and fishermen  Winter season far north: North Cape Bank in Nov.– December  Dark nearly all the day, no sun in the horizon

5 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 5 The mate on watch for 12 hours per day Also production leader for 4 – 6 hours

6 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 6 Position on the ship / in the company Still in the company? Position or work status in April 2008 Age in 2003 Age in 2008 Local council Home County Managing OwnerYES1Chairman of the board and deputy mayor 4349HerøyMøre & Romsdal Skipper 1NO0Skipper supply ship3136AukraMøre & Romsdal Mate/production leader and owner YES1Mate, prod. leader and managing owner 3742HerøyMøre & Romsdal Chief engineerYES1Chief engineer5863HerøyMøre & Romsdal Cook / StuertNO0Out of the fishing fleet5257GiskeMøre & Romsdal Factory workerOn leave1Unpaid leave4954AskvollSogn & Fjordane Factory workerYES1Factory worker4449AskvollSogn & Fjordane Factory workerYES1Factory worker3439HerøyMøre & Romsdal Fisherman 1NO0Off sick - pensioned6065HerøyMøre & Romsdal Fisherman 2NO0 2833UlsteinMøre & Romsdal Fisherman 3NO0Seaman on supply ship2530UlsteinMøre & Romsdal Fisherman 4NO0Out of the fishing fleet2126VestnesMøre & Romsdal Fisherman 5 (son of one of the owners) YES1Maritime student – coming skipper 1924HerøyMøre & Romsdal Fisherman 6NO0Lower officer supply1924HerøyMøre & Romsdal Fisherman 7NO Maritim student1621HerøyMøre & Romsdal 7 Skipper 2NO0Fisherman/skipper in Faroe Islands? 5358VågarFaroe Islands Mate 2YES1 4550HerøyMøre & Romsdal Chief engineer 2YES Møre & Romsdal Fisherman 8NO0Out of the fishing fleet?4045HaramMøre & Romsdal Crew on board the longliner “Leinebris” – week 45 – 49 – Nov. 2003

7 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 7 Fishermen on a long-liner Fishermen and factory workers:  Fishermen: men working – men sleeping  Working system: 8 hours on – 4 h off – 8 h on - 8 h off + more fish = more work = total working hours per day  Fishermen: relaxing + eating + sleeping : hours Working operations – all the fishermen are rotating:  Setting all the lines: hooks = 4 hours  Hauling operations (fishermen) – total 20 hours:  Hauling (drage): 20 – 30 minutes = total hours  Separating (splitte): 20 – 30 minutes = total 3- 4 hours  Adjusting (rette): 20 – 30 minutes = total hours  Rigging (rigge): 20 – 30 minutes = total hours

8 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 8 Roster for the fishermen on board a long-liner Vaktliste for fiskere om bord en 45 m autolinebåt

9 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 9 Roller position (at hatch opening) Fisherman working 20 – 30 min per rotation

10 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 10 Separating and adjusting position

11 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 11 Adjusting and rigging (20-30 min) = total 4 h

12 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 12

13 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 13

14 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 14 Factory deck: Most of the fish are gutted in the Baader machine

15 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 15 The gutted and cleaned fish are sorted and put into so called vertical plate freezers Factory deck for fish production and freezing

16 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 16 Factory deck – round frozen fish are taken out the vertical freezer and put into the freezer hold

17 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 17 Frozen squids are used as bate for the bottom longline

18 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 18 Setting room aft on SB-side with lines, anchors and buoys

19 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 19 The machinist (chief) is doing control, maintenance and repair work mostly alone

20 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 20 The cock working in his galley

21 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 21 A Coast Guard vessel at the North Cape Bank

22 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 22 Inspectors from the Norwegian Coast Guard

23 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 23 Personal accidents and risk for six fleet groups

24 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 24 Marine Casualties with 10 long-liners – 30 lives lost

25 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 25 MS ”Sjøliner” of Måløy – Capsized at the North Cape Bank – Ulukker vil alltid skje på sjøen. Derfor er sikkerheita aldri god nok, seier den erfarne skipperen Øystein Sandøy etter at MS ”Sjøliner” forliste laurdag.

26 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 26 The last capsizing and loss of a long liner  - Et slik forlis skal i prinsippet ikke kunne skje. Det sier seniorforsker Halvard Aasjord ved Sintef til Fiskeribladet. (Long-liner fishermen) 30 lives lost (omkommet)  Nærmere 30 fiskere har omkommet de siste 20 årene som følge av at banklinebåter har fått vannfylling inn på dekk og dermed kantret. Åpne dragluker og manglende stabilitet ble oppgitt som årsak.  - Jeg har ingen kunnskap om hva som skjedde med "Sjøliner" lørdag, men reagerer umiddelbart når jeg hører at årsaken trolig var fylling gjennom ei åpen drageluke.  Vi har nå pålegg om systemet for overvåking av drageluka, hydraulisk lukkesystem av luka og eget dragerom. Det skal bli spennende å høre hva som kommer fram i sjøforklaringa, sier Aasjord.

27 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 27  Øystein Sandøy trur det kan ligge fleire årsaker bak forliset til Måløy-båten "Sjøliner".  - Antakeleg var det mange uheldige omstende som skjedde samtidig, og som innbyrdes forsterka kvarandre. Viss eg er korrekt informert blei drageluka slått inn, og det kan ha vore ein viktig grunn til forliset, seier han.  Drageluke er ei luke på sida av båten, som tidlegare har vore ein grunn til at båtar har forlist. Dette skjedde mellom anna på "Bordanes"-forliset i Etter det forliset blei det gjort tiltak for å få bukt med dette problemet. Likevel skjer slike ulukke framleis.  - Ein fekk tekniske innretningar som gjorde at drageluka kunne lukkast i løpet av 15 sekund og at alle opningar kunne lukkast. Av grunnar som eg ikkje vil spekulere rundt i dag har altså ikkje dette fungert. Det har i alle fall ikkje fungert fort nok til at båten kunne reddast, seier skipperen. Skipper Sandøy about the loss of MS Sjøliner

28 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 28  MS ”Geir” of Ålesund with central hauling pool  Hauling and clearing the long line goes on inside the vessel where the vertical accelerations are lowest and movements smallest Central Hauling Pool

29 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 29 Future technologies for longline fishing?  Automate the most tiresome (boring) operations  Mechanize heavy operations or stressing operations  Mechanized system for emptying the plate freezers  Renewing or rebuilding for safer ship operations  Sheltered decked vessels safer or none hatch openings  Central Hauling Pool (MS “Geir” of Ålesund)  Hauling well with conveyor belt (“Loran” of Ålesund)  Conveyor belt outside the long liner (smaller vessels)  A new built long-liner cost to day about NOK 150 mill  Many owners of long-liners therefore will renew older ships

30 SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture 30 Newer Norwegian long-liners – built


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