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Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: StartsideHUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Tips bunntekst: For å få bort sidenummer, dato,

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Presentasjon om: "Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: StartsideHUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Tips bunntekst: For å få bort sidenummer, dato,"— Utskrift av presentasjonen:

1 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: StartsideHUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Tips bunntekst: For å få bort sidenummer, dato, samt redigere tittel på presentasjon: Klikk på ”Sett Inn” -> Topp og bunntekst -> Huk av for ønsket tekst. Legal Aid Schemes in Norway Beate B. Ekeberg Aarhus Convention, Task Force on Access to Justice, February 2014 Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20141

2 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Legal Aid Schemes Legal aid in civil cases: • Legal Aid Act of 13 th of June 1980 No. 35 • 035-eng.pdf 035-eng.pdf • Legal Aid Regulation – 2005 Legal aid in criminal cases: • Criminal procedure Act (Chapter 9; Defense counsel) • 025-eng.pdf 025-eng.pdf Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20142

3 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Legal aid in civil cases Sources for legal information/advice: • Internet, public/private institutions, lawyers & legal advisors State sponsorship of private institutions offering legal aid: • Grants totalling 35 million NOK/year Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20143

4 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Legal aid scheme in civil cases – why and to whom? Objective: • Legal aid for persons without means when such aid is of great importance to them and their welfare Who’s entitled? • Natural persons • Non-profit organizations if particular reasons Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20144

5 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Legal Aid in civil cases – conditions • Not covered by other schemes/manner (Ex.:Private insurance, public service/advisory offices) • Subject to means testing • Gross income below / € • Personal assets below € • Exceptions granted by County Governor, strict assessment • Pay 25% or max. NOK (120 € if advice) • Without means testing in specific cases • Mostly cases where authorities consider enforcement measure against citizen Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20145

6 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Legal aid in civil cases – How? • Free legal advice/representation, waiver fees • Given by lawyers in private practice/public law office • 120€/hour (average rate otherwise +50%) • By application; • Lawyer providing legal aid may grant in many cases if income/assets below limits • County Governor (18 of them in Norway) • Court (in cases before the courts) • Appeal of decision possible Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20146

7 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Costs of the civil legal aid scheme In 2010: • Legal advice: 198 million NOK • Representation in court: 411 million NOK A right given by law, cannot be limited by the size of the state legal aid budget. Ministry of Justice estimates yearly costs, does not have to fight for increased expenses in the yearly national budget process (unless propose new legislation expected to cause increased costs). Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20147

8 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Legal aid in criminal cases • Granted by the courts • Offered by private lawyers • Accused: Free legal representation of their own choice ( main rule) • Aggrieved: Free legal representation in specified cases of violent or sexual crimes • Costs (2010) • Accused (repr. in court proceedings); 662 million NOK • Aggrieved (repr. in court proceedings); 99,7 million NOK • Total cost legal aid (incl. interpretation & expert evidence for the defense); 903 mill NOK Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20148

9 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Relevance to Environmental matters Criminal cases probably less relevant, only general right for accused, no right for aggrieved party in cases of environmental crime ( only in specified cases of violent or sexual crimes ) Civil cases probably more relevant ( mainly natural persons, but possible also for non-profit organizations if particular reasons ), means test apply • But: No knowledge of cases in environmental matters where legal aid has been granted Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February 20149

10 Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Engelsk mal: Tekst uten kulepunkter HUSK: krediter fotograf om det brukes bilde Thank you! Aarhus Convention, TFAJ, February


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